This is the second edition of the Global Slavery Index (‘the Index’). The Index estimates the number of people in modern slavery in 167 countries. This year’s Index also includes an analysis of what governments are doing to eradicate modern slavery. In addition to measuring the extent of the problem and the actions taken, the Index increases our understanding of the contextual factors that make people vulnerable to modern slavery. The Index is the flagship report produced by the Walk Free Foundation, a global human rights organisation dedicated to ending modern slavery.
The International Tourism Partnership presents Green Hotelier’s latest Know How Guide that has been developed to help hoteliers understand human trafficking and forced labour – what it is, how it may affect them and what actions they can take to reduce the risk of trafficking in their business
New information and communication technologies (ICT s) have become an integral part of the networks that underpin labor trafficking in the 21st Century. Yet the adoption of new technologies can produce unexpected points of vulnerability and new gaps in information. In unscrupulous online recruitment, traffickers are able to exploit the vulnerabilities of job seekers through greater access to or control over information. Social isolation is exacerbated when mobile phones are confiscated or online access is restricted by employers. Though small in number, technological and data-driven approaches to address labor trafficking have already begun to emerge. These interventions focus on a range of actors, from multi-national corporations to individual migrant workers, and employ different technologies, from cloud-based web interfaces to mobile phone apps. The private sector is developing technologies to gather business intelligence on the web of contractors and suppliers that make up modern supply chain. This report found that technology provides a crucial infrastructure for an array of both positive and negative social interactions surrounding labor trafficking.
This paper covers a wide range of risks in the global supply chain and offers practical advice regarding risk mitigation strategies and tactics. This advice is grounded in research that examined how leading supply chain executives identify, prioritise, and mitigate risk in the supply chain.
The Code (short for “The Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism”) is an industry-driven responsible tourism initiative with a mission to provide awareness, tools and support to the tourism industry in order to prevent the sexual exploitation of children.
Increasingly, the corporate world is focusing on slavery, forced labour and human trafficking. The evidence suggests that the risk affects almost every industry – electronics and high tech, steel and automobiles, agriculture and seafood, mining and minerals, garments and textiles. In 2012, many major companies cover this issue in codes of conduct and in their sustainability reports. This is an enormous step forward from five or ten years ago. However, despite the increasing knowledge and the sustainability reports, progress is far too slow. We argue there is a need for real CEO buy-in to drive the campaign for a serious business focus on this issue. This needs to be supported by a much deeper examination of why this problem is so endemic, and the creation of a learning environment where companies, civil society and governments can come together to create a slave-free economy.
Some of the worst human rights abuses involving business occur amid conflict over the control of territory, resources or a Government itself – where the human rights regime cannot be expected to function as intended. Responsible businesses increasingly seek guidance from States about how to avoid contributing to human rights harm in these difficult contexts. Innovative and practical approaches are needed. In particular, it is important to pay attention to the risk of sexual and gender-based violence, which is especially prevalent during times of conflict.